either collect in basin reservoirs or flow into Big Sage Reservoir and thence to the Pit River. It is an oddly shaped physiographic They are part of the Cascade Mountains. Southern California's unique geography makes it an internationally recognized center for biological diversity. they have a unique flora including several endemic or near-endemic species, such as Lawson's Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) and Foxtail Pine (Pinus including arborescent cacti such as the saguaro. Mountains, Rincon Peak-Red Mountain, Sulphur Mountain, Santa Paula Ridge, South Mountain-Oat Mountain-Santa Susana Mountains, Simi Hills, Conejo Mountains-Santa are caused by movement of the earth's crust along this fault, Southern Pacific Rainforests extends from the Pacific coastline of Washington and Oregon inland to the crest of the Cascade Mountains. erupted in the 18th Century. crust along this fault line have caused many earthquakes. The West is a land filled with great mountains, volcanoes, rolling plains, fertile valleys, beaches, and even deserts. The southern tip of the valley has interior drainage and thus is not technically part of the valley at all. They consist of several small, forested ridges that To the south, it is an area of wastelands that include the Mojave Desert and the Colorado Desert. State Flag. The Sierra Nevada is the largest mountain range with peaks over 4000m covered in snow in the winter months and the rivers lakes of California are all beautiful regions to explore. Since counties nest within states, a full county FIPS code identifies both the … Cruz Mountains are located in the Coastal Ranges. Basic Geography . However, there are features that are unique to California. Earthquakes slopes gently toward the Central Valley of California on the west. Jack Nicklaus won't talk Trump at Augusta National. The highest point in the continental United States, Mt. ft) in Trinity County, California. and salt flats. The Klamath Mountains are a mountain range in northwest California and southwest Oregon, the highest peak being Thompson Peak (2,744 m / 9,002 The Great Basin Region is part of a larger area that extends The combination FIPS codes for smaller geographic entities are usually unique within larger geographic entities. and land regions, climate and weather, elevation, land areas, bordering states, and other statistical data. They include the West, Southwest, Middle West, Southeast and Northeast. Fronted by the sandy beaches of its Pacific Ocean coastline, California's land quickly rises into the steep rocky cliffs and foothills of the Coastal Mountains. North America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. This region is also home to California's famous redwood trees. California has a diverse landscape made up of many The San Joaquin and the Sacramento, The ground elevation is generally lower and in some areas was compressed downward, therefore the eastern Coachella and Imperial Valleys north of the The primary use of the term Oceania is to describe a continental region (like Europe or Africa) that lies between Asia and the Americas, with Australia as the major land mass. ago, the proto-Sierra Nevada was worn down to a range of rolling low mountains, a few thousand feet high. There is a more subtle transition to the Basin and Range to the south in which hotter County, eastward (and a bit south) to the east end of the San Jacinto Mountains in western Riverside County. The state's coastal area consists of a series of The San Andreas Fault enters California from the Pacific Ocean near Port Arena and extends southeast into the state. In northern California, it is a lava The Santa Ynez Mountains make up the westernmost The Diablo and Santa The Transverse Ranges include a series of east-west trending mountain ranges that extend from Point Conception at the western tip of Santa Barbara The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, They include the Napa Valley to cooled, and ice ages started about 2.5 million years ago. 11,499 feet (3,505 m). Chaparral is the climax vegetation of areas If you'd like any help. Vegetation at lower elevations is dominated by lodgepole pine on the east and ponderosa pine on the west, The plateau supports large herds a giant wall rising to over 14,000 feet. Lassen is the most southerly active volcano of the Cascade chain. The whole Central Valley is watered by mountain-fed rivers (notably the San Joaquin, Kings, and California Clapper Rail. California is bordered to the north by Oregon state, to the east by the states of Nevada and Arizona across the Colorado River, to the south by Mexico, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. The plateau has many cinder cones, juniper flats, pine forests, and seasonal lakes. In the "Great American Desert" of the Southwest, the Mohave lies between and is intermediate in nature between the Great Basin to the north and U.S.-Mexican border are below sea level, the lowest community in the U.S. is Calipatria, California at 160 feet (49 m) below sea level. the Sonoran Desert to the south and east. California clapper rails are as tall as chicken. As a result, Switzerland is not a nation based on one ethnic identity; instead, it is based on its common historical background and … The Great Basin Region is part of a larger area that extends into Nevada and Oregon. Whitney) The Peninsular Ranges located to the south cover the southwestern tip of the state. the San Joaquin Valley after its main river. They have a very varied geology, with substantial areas of serpentine and marble, and a climate characterized by Mountain Region. The Columbia Plateau is an arid sagebrush steppe Find an overview of California geography, topography, geographic land regions, land areas, and major rivers. Mt. Northern California usually refers to the state's northernmost 48 counties. The area is centered on Mount Shasta, near the Trinity Alps. in the rainshadow of the Sierra Nevada, south of the Columbia Plateau and north of the Mohave Desert, and is a mosaic of xeric basins, scattered mountains, This is a fertile area that extends 500 miles from the northwest to the southeast. Southern Sierra started to form in the Triassic period when an island arc collided with the West coast of North America and raised a set of mountains. The fault enters northern California from the Pacific Ocean and extends into southern California. Its name is derived from the call it makes which sounds like clapping. ranges, extending from Point Conception to the Ventura River just west-northwest of Ojai, in Ventura County. They were formed by volcanoes unlike the other mountain ranges in California and support one still-active volcano; Lassen Peak. Mount Shasta is a dormant volcano, but there is some evidence that it These tribes spoke a number of different languages. Tulare Lake, once 570 square miles (1,476 However, it also includes dry lakes, sharply rising buttes and relatively small mountain ranges, and its eastern portion is cut through Magma from the melting oceanic plate rose in plumes (plutons) the Central Valley from the Mojave Desert. The Cascade Range is a mountainous region stretching from the Fraser River in British Columbia, Canada down to south of Lassen Peak, California Sierra San Pedro Martir. It is hotter and contains more and higher mountains than the Columbia Plateau, with more perennial streams and ponderosa pine forest rock on top of some Sierra peaks. and lowest (Death Valley) points in the 48 contiguous states. And of course there are the iconic and spectacular desert landscapes. the Pacific Plate side of the San Andreas Fault. The San Andreas Fault is an important Exemplary student contributions from … These ridges are separated by deep canyons and valleys. square kilometers) and now dry and covered with agricultural fields, once filled much of the area. Earth scientists have divided the state into eleven distinct mountain ranges, plateaus, deserts, basins, and valleys. Can Joe Biden heal a divided America? The California Geographer is the refereed annual publication of the California Geographical Society (CGS). It is possible to surf in the Pacific Ocean and ski on a mountain during the same winter day in Southern California. intersperses the valleys between the Santa Susana Mountains, Santa Monica Mountains and San Gabriel Mountains, which range from the Pacific Coast, and the Sierra Nevada. vegetated plains. In the northeast corner of the state lies the Modoc Plateau, an expanse of lava flows that formed a million years ago and now lie at an altitude the Pacific Ocean. The state flag has its origins in early California history. Central and Southern California Coast and Valleys covers the central and southern coast of California, including the San Francisco Bay and extending The Pacific coast extends for 840 miles with coastal scenery ranging from rugged windswept beaches to the golden sands of southern California. mountain range. The rivers are sufficiently large and deep that several inland cities, notably Stockton, and The plateau lies between California ranks as the third largest state in the United States, and it comprises a total land area of 163,973 square miles and 7,734 square miles of water. Herds of wild Ranking third among the U.S. states in area, California has a diverse topography and climate. hemlock, a mixed-conifer zone in the Klamath/Siskiyou Mountains, and the redwood forest of northwest California. Compared to the Mojave Desert, it is not as hot and is more dominated by shrubland and less by grassland. The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) designates grape-growing regions with distinguishable geographic features and boundaries as AVAs (American Viticultural Area's) . at the Canadian border, and also includes the coastal ranges of northwestern California. Beautiful valleys separate the individual ranges. Whitney, with an elevation of 14,495 feet, is located here. The Sonoran Desert extends onto the peninsula along the northern end of the gulf. arguably) the most diverse series of landforms in all of the United States. by the Colorado River. It is home to some of the world's most exceptional Glaciers carved out characteristic U-shaped canyons throughout the Sierra. The waterfront city of San Francisco is a fount of classic seafood dishes, and cioppino is one of its most iconic. The Pacific coast extends for 840 miles with coastal scenery ranging from rugged windswept beaches to the golden sands of southern California. Both the state’s U.S. senators and 34 of 53 (64%) congressional representatives are Democrats, while Democrats also hold strong majorities in both state legislative houses and hold all eight elected statewide offices.2 President Obama won 61 percent of the statewide vote in 2008. California's geography is largely defined by its central feature - the Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley between the coastal mountain ranges and the Sierra Nevada. Save for coastal estuaries and some inland drier valleys (the Nine percent of the plateau is protected as reserves or wilderness areas, such as the Modoc National Wildlife Refuge. The Sierra Nevada range, mostly within California and barely extending into Nevada, rises sharply from the arid basin and range on the east and It is also home to both the highest (Mt. and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic features of this US state. years ago, the Sierra Nevada started to form and tilt to the west. They were often separated by geography such as mountain ranges and desserts. and the Palomar Mountain Range, notable for its famous Palomar observatory. The Liebre Mountains occupy the northwest corner of Los Angeles County, and represent a northwestern extension of the San Gabriel Mountains, both on In northern California, it is a lava plateau. Desert receives a low and unevenly distributed amount of precipitation over extensive plains and isolated mountains surrounding the northern end of To the south, it is an area of wastelands that include the Mojave Desert and North America and South America are named after Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci. Rivers started cutting deep canyons on both sides of the range. Physical Characteristics of the Western States Desert landscapes continue further east in the Western states of Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico, with parts of Utah and Colorado also boasting dry, rocky landscapes. It consists of arid tablelands, intermontane With roots in the cultures of Spain, Asia, Mexico, and the eastern United States, California integrates foods, … It is not surprising that it offers a contrasting landscape and a diverse topography.California's general coastline is 840 miles long. By 65 million years Pine Mountain Ridge, Nordhoff Ridge-Topatopa area that covers portions of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, and a small piece of northeast California. the north and the Salinas Valley to the south. Various oaks and other evergreen trees dominate many of the foothills. Today, California looks decidedly blue. horses and livestock grazing have altered the original high desert ecosystem of the plateau. feature of this coastal area. It is mostly in southeast California but extends also into southern Nevada, northwest Arizona, a very small The Sierra Nevada mountain range runs about 430 miles from north to south and forming Monica Mountains are all part of the Western Transverse Ranges, in Ventura and western Los Angeles Counties. Urban Southern California The Basin and Range is a large physiographic area covering most of Nevada, part of eastern California, western Utah, and southeast Idaho. The Lost River watershed drains the north part of the plateau, while southern watersheds Pop. the Colorado Desert. into Nevada and Oregon. Vegetation is sparse and differs from other American deserts by a greater dominance of trees, The United States is often divided into five regions as a way of studying landforms, or regions, of the country. Willamette and the Puget Trough), the natural vegetation is coniferous forest. Japan consists of several thousands of islands, of which Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku are the four largest. Area 46 square miles (120 square km). Japan's closest neighbors are Korea, Russia and China. Southern California is separated from the rest of the state by the east-west trending Transverse Ranges, including the Tehachapi, which separate Features: surfing, near Pacific Ocean, most populated, mass-transit system, over 800 miles long. in San Bernardino County. including the coastal Sitka spruce zone, low-elevation western hemlock/western red cedar, mid-elevation Pacific silver fir zone, subalpine mountain Desert Region. We seek high quality manuscripts from California Geographers, about the geography of the Golden State, or simply good research. In closing, California's geography and climate is not unique, but it is rare. On June 14, 1846, while California … The gently sloping western side of these mountain ranges is in contrast to the steep eastern escarpment, which makes access from the Gulf of California extremely difficult. California is the third largest state in the USA and the geography of California is incredibly varied. from 115 million to 87 million years ago deep underground, their combined mass forming what is called the Sierra Nevada batholith. in the the Sierra Nevada mountain range. The northern part of the Central Valley is called the Sacramento Valley, after its main river, and the southern part is called Features: dry, low population, lowest point in California, irrigation brings water to this region, high temperatures. of 4,000 to 5,000 feet (1,200 to 1,500 m). The Cascades (as they are called for short) are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the ring of volcanoes around the Cascade Range to the west and the Warner Mountains to the east. of river and glacier erosion exposed the uppermost portions of the plutons emplaced millions of years before, leaving only a remnant of metamorphic trees: the tallest (coast redwood), most massive (Giant Sequoia), and oldest (bristlecone pine). National Geographic’s latest travel stories about California Destinations. For example, FIPS state codes are unique within nation and FIPS county codes are unique within state. The California Desert Region consists of three main deserts including the Great Basin Desert, the Colorado Desert, and the Mojave Desert. Features: highest point in California, rural area, lots of snow, steep roofs. and grassland surrounded on the north, west, and east by moister, predominantly forested, mountainous ecological regions. desert floor to nearly the top of the mountain where riders can set off hiking or go cross-country skiing. complex dissected by riparian strips. A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast. The Sierra Nevada is the largest mountain range with peaks over 4000m covered in snow in the winter months and the rivers lakes of California are all beautiful regions … There are six coniferous forest types, defined by elevation and latitude, most falling in winter, with low winter and high summer temperatures are characteristic. The southernmost mountains of California are the Peninsular Ranges, which are East of San Diego and continue into Baja California (Mexico) in the These are German, French, and Italian. Photograph by Raul Touzon, Nat Geo Image Collection. lowlands are dissected by isolated mountain ranges, These Ranges in the north reach inland 20 to 30 miles extend from the Klamath Mountains in the north south to Santa Barbara. Because the Great Basin exhibits such drastic elevation changes from its valleys to its peaks, the region supports an impressive diversity of species, from those adapted to the desert to those adapted to forest and alpine environments. The highest point of the range is Mount San Gorgonio at When Europeans first arrived there were a number of Native American tribes in the area including the Chumash, Mohave, Yuma, Pomo, and Maidu. There are a lot of things that make a wine unique - and the geography of a wine is no exception. Switzerland is unique in its demography because it is made up of three linguistic and cultural regions. Low precipitation, Creosote is a common and widely distributed shrub. The Peninsular Ranges contain the Laguna Mountains, the San Jacinto Mountains, the Santa Rosa Mountains, the Santa Ana Mountains 'Math doesn't care about' Trump fraud claims: Official. In 1925 a giant sequoia located in California’s Kings Canyon National Park was named the nation’s … It contains a wide variety of significant natural habitats, from marine communities, coastal wetlands and beaches to trout streams, oak woodlands, chaparral, sage scrub, desert and … At roughly the same time, the oceanic plate started to dive beneath the North American plate. California Travel Guide. Its famous lakes are Lake Tahoe and Soda Lake. In the United States it is centered in southwest Arizona and southeast California and extends south through most of Baja California Lassen Peak was the Unique Facts-Basic Geography. All of the known historic eruptions in the contiguous United States have been from either Cascade volcanoes or near Mono Lake. Sacramento) that drain to the San Francisco Bay system. The state also has famous valleys like the agriculturally productive Central Valley and the wine-growing Napa Valley. North America, the third-largest continent, extends from the tiny Aleutian Islands in the northwest to the Isthmus of Panama in the south. eastward over 100 miles (160 km), to the San Bernardino Mountains, north of San Bernardino. balfouriana). The coast in this part of California is much warmer and more traditionally beachy than northern parts of the Pacific Coast. The Sea of Japan separates the Asian continent from the Japanese archipelago. California's geography is largely defined by its central feature - the Central Valley, a huge, fertile valley between the coastal mountain ranges This region is located in the northeastern section of the state bordering Oregon and Nevada, mostly north of the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada part of southwest Utah, and lies in the rain shadow of the Southern California Ranges to the west. 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